Research Article Critique for Evidence Based Nursing Research and Practice NUR 443...
Nursing Home Staff Adherence to Evidence-Based Pain Management Practices Article Critique
Objectives for the Research Article Critique:
In this presentation on the critique of the article Nursing Home Staff Adherence to Evidence-Based Pain Management Practices (2009), several factors are examined: Strengths and weaknesses of the study; theoretical and methodological limitations; evidence of researcher bias if present or steps to limit researcher bias; ethical and legal considerations related to the protection of human subjects; relationship between theory, practice, and research; the nurse’s role in implementing and disseminating research (and how to use the information to impact practice); and how the study provides evidence for evidence-based practice and the strength of the evidence.
Type of Study for the Research Article Critique:
Qualitative (NOTE: This is the only presentation that I messed up really bad on. The instructor said this presentation would have made a 100 if I hadn't have put the wrong type of study. I left it as is for you to look at. Keep in mind that this is actually a Quantitative Study instead of a qualitative study...UGH!) This is the ONLY class I made a B in, and it was because of this presentation...
This presentation is an academic critique of a qualitative research article written by Anita Jablonski and Mary Ersek (2009) entitled: Nursing Home Staff Adherence to Evidence-Based Pain Management Practices. The study focused on whether or not evidence-based practices in pain management practices in nursing homes were being utilized to manage and assess persistent pain in the geriatric population.
Strengths and weaknesses of for the Research Article Critique study
This study revealed several strengths. The researchers used three different ways to identify nursing home residents with persistent or chronic pain. They did not limit themselves to depend upon just the word of the staff alone. They did ask staff about residents but mainly focused on nursing documentation, they interviewed residents, and they enlisted the help of the Minimum Data Set (MDS) coordinator to ensure the quality of the sample they would utilize for the study. The researchers then found a way to evaluate levels of ... [continues]
Research Article Critique Presentation
OBJECTIVE (for Research Article Critique)
In this presentation on the critique of the article Relationship of nurse job satisfaction to implementation of a nursing professional practice model (2009), several factors are examined: Strengths and weaknesses of the study; theoretical and methodological limitations; evidence of researcher bias; ethical and legal considerations related to the protection of human subjects; relationship between theory, practice, and research; the nurse’s role in implementing and disseminating research; and how the study provides evidence for evidence-based practice.
TYPE OF STUDY (for Research Article Critique)
This presentation is a critique of a research article written by Patricia Newcomb and Paula Webb (2009) entitled: Relationship of nurse job satisfaction to implementation of a nursing professional practice model. The study focused on whether or not there was evidence of change in nurse satisfaction when a nursing practice model was changed as part of an organization’s effort to achieve Magnet characteristics. The research was designed to address the recurring nursing shortages coupled with the quality of contemporary health care and the need to recruit and retain a framework of professional nurses in hospitals. Recruitment and retention of staff nurses is determined to a large extent by nurse satisfaction with work (Newcomb & Webb, 2009).
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES (for Research Article Critique)
This study revealed little strengths. Analysis of individual items in the questionnaire tool proved to be valuable information for hospital administrators involved in recruitment and retention of nursing personnel as well as for nursing managers. In this case data analysis resulted in substantive institutional change. Nurse administrators presented data regarding dissatisfaction with pay to the Human Resources department at the institution. The hourly wage rate was increased for all nurses at the institution. In addition, the pay scale was adjusted (upwards) across nursing. Likewise administrators responded to the IWS data regarding perceived distance between... [continues]
Research Article Critique
Strengths & Weaknesses
Health care is a dynamic and forever changing field, and the professionals working within the health care field are not any different. Initial and continuing education is necessary to provide relevant and current nursing care. Critiquing research is one way to expand understanding of a subject, and ultimately make changes in practice in response to the current research knowledge obtained from studies. Additionally, nurses becoming a part of the research and critique process will often provide a background for conducting further study (Burns & Grove, 2007).
Two articles describing two different research studies were examined by the writers of this article. One was a qualitative study regarding what nursing care was regularly missed on medical-surgical units as well as the reasons for missed care. The other study was a quantitative study to compare one behavioral counseling session with five behavioral counseling sessions in the effectiveness of increasing moderate-intensity physical activity, muscle strengthening, and stretching activities in older women. In the following paragraphs, the critiquing process will be used to evaluate the articles and corresponding research study.
Problems and Purposes
In the qualitative study, the missed nursing care and the regret, guilt, and frustration that followed the nurses was reported as the problem. Kalisch clearly stated that “the purpose of this study was to determine nursing care regularly missed on medical-surgical units and reasons for missed care” (Kalisch, 2007, p. 306). Although the focus group interviews provided open discussion of the reported problem, it led to a fairly big database. Nine elements of missed care and seven themes of why care was missed were identified. Further research in each of these areas would be helpful in developing changes in nursing practice for more positive outcomes.
In the quantitative study, the problem is women engage in less vigorous exercise and leisure-time activity than men, and their level of activity decreases further as they age that in turn leads to greater health problems. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of five versus one behavioral counseling session to (a) facilitate change in moderate- or greater-intensity physical activity, muscle strengthening, and stretching; and (b) determine the percentage of women who reach the Healthy People 2010 goal of 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity five or more days of the week among... [continues]
Research Article Critique
This assignment critiques the article “The limited reliability of the Ramsay scale” by Olson.D, Lynn.M, Thoyre.S.M, and Graffagnino C., that had been published in neuro critical care journal,volume 7, no. 3, in 2007.
According to Nieswadomy (1998, p.339), title should contain not more than 15 words, if possible. This makes it easier for the other researchers to obtain the literature through the database as it contains critical words.
In this article, the title is brief and the length is appropriate. There is no target population mentioned. The title however would be clearer if the authors reflected target population, as readers would be easier identifying the subjects involved in their study. The word “reliability” on the title was not specific enough as it could be meant for the reliability of Ramsay score application or the reliability of Ramsay Score it self.
The abstract is placed at the beginning of the journal article and it gives a brief description of a completed or proposed study however, the abstract words should be approximately 150 words long and contain the background, methods, results, conclusion, and key words (Polit & Beck, 2006, p. 68).
The article has given a summary within 150 words. A concise background of problems was defined in the introduction.
The term “Inter-Rater” in the research’s aim is ambiguous. Questions will arise to clarify about who are the rater involved, and level of expertise were similar or different. Perhaps, by giving specific explanation on
the meaning of this term, readers might have better understanding of research aims.
Conclusion was complete and able to convince the reader the need to further study as there is insufficient evidence to support the reliability of the Ramsay scale as a measure of sedation assessment.
Research Question / Hypothesis for Research Article Critique
A clearly stated hypothesis includes the variables to be manipulated or measured, identifies the population to be examined, and indicates the proposed outcomes for the study. (Burns & Grove, 2007,p.118)
In this study, there is no hypothesis defined. Instead, the authors only described the research aims.
The purpose of a literature review is to provide a framework for establishing the importance of the study and also a benchmark for comparing the results of a study with other findings (Creswell, 2003, p. 30).
In this study, selection and contents of the literatures are relevantly supported the study objectives. The flow of literature review are well organized in systematical order.
The authors begin by discussing... [continues]
Research Article Critique
Section 1: Principles of Evidence Eased Practice Essay, 3
Section 2: Research Critiques, 9
Section 1: Principles of Evidence Eased Practice Essay
The word research in Macmillan English Dictionary is explained as “the detailed study of something in order to discover new facts”. More specifically, research is diligent, systematic study that validates and improve exciting knowledge and develops new knowledge. Research results might be synthesized into evidences for use in nursing practice. Thus, extensive research is needed to validate the knowledge.
There are mainly two types of research: quantitative and qualitative research. Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are used to obtain information about the world (Burns and Grove, 2007). It is logical positivism, concise, objective, reductionistic, logistic and deductive. It works on cause-and-effect relationships and theory-testing. Qualitative research is a systematic, subjective approach used to describe life experiences and give them meaning (Munhall, 2001). It is broad, subjective, holistic, dialectic and inductive. It works on meaning, discovery, understanding and theory-development.
As per Polit and Hungler (1995), research process can be described as below (refer to phase 1, 2 and 3):
Phase 1: The conceptual phase
Step 1: Formulating and delimiting the problem. This is the very first step in any scientific process. A research question is a statement of the specific query the researcher wants to answer, to address the research problem (Polit, Beck and Hungler, 2001). The most common sources of research problems are experience, relevant literature, social issues, theory and external sources.
Step 2: Reviewing the related literature. This is to help researcher to
understand what is already known about a topic. It is a waste of time
and money to conduct a research that the answer to the question is... [continues]
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