History of Community Nursing Matrix - NUR 405

History of Community Nursing Matrix for NUR 405 - Healthy Communities Theory and Practice Class

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1ST PAST PERIOD- 1800'S for History of Community Nursing Matrix:

Historical time period:

  • Industrial Revolution
  • American Revolution War
  • Crimean War
  • American Civil War
  • Nursing role in community

In the early to mid-1800’s, nursing was considered unseemly for women even though some hospitals (almshouses) relied on women to make beds, scrub floors, and bathe the poor. Most nursing care was still performed in the home by female relatives of the ill.

Nursing role was being established in the early 1800’s. Women cared for mainly sick people in their own homes, until leaders in caring for the sick studied families in the home setting.

Florence Nightingale focused on the individual and also environmental factors in the community.

Private nursing began in 1870’s. This began the trend of a nurse visiting a family for 1 day and then turned into the nurse seeing several families each day.

Lillian Wald (first community health nurse) founded public health nursing with the establishment of the Henry Street Settlement Service. Community based nursing emphasis on teaching the family prevention measures for disease control.

Major health issues

  • Poor sanitation (inefficient sewage systems)
  • Poor water quality
  • Inadequate housing
  • Lack of appropriate medical care and knowledge
  • Diphtheria
  • Cholera
  • Typhoid fever
  • Tuberculosis (consumption)
  • Small Pox
  • Yellow fever
  • Scarlet fever
  • Typhus
  • Malaria
  • Pneumonia
  • Meningitis
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Dysentery
  • Chicken Pox
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Poliomyelitis

Partnerships used for History of Community Nursing Matrix

  • Daughters of Charity
  • Dominican Sisters
  • Franciscan Sisters of the Poor
  • AMA-hygiene study
  • Elizabeth Law in England
  • Florence Nightingale developed nursing profession which led to formerly trained nurses
  • American Red Cross established in 1864
  • Henry Street Settlement Service by Lillian Wald (1893)
  • Sisters of Mercy

Watson’s theory

Throughout nursing history, nursing has been involved in caring and has actually evolved out of caring. Nursing was evolving from the caring relationship of family, and then out to the community to help others, especially during times of war. During the Crimean War, the British people learned of their soldiers’ poor care, and it led to public outcry. Therefore, nursing and caring evolved, and leaders were born to lay the foundation for the future of nursing.

SECOND TIME PERIOD - 1900'S for History of Community Nursing Matrix

Historical time period:

  • World War I
  • World War II
  • The Great Depression
  • Civil Rights Movement
  • Government changes in health care

Nursing role in community

1912, the Chicago Visiting Nurse Association developed a list of standing orders for nurses to follow in providing home care, thus the groundwork for nursing protocols was established.

1919, Adelaide Nutting helped to begin the Committee for the Study of Nursing Education to investigate the training of public health nurses

1920, American hospitals offered a prepaid hospital plan to help with... [continues]

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