Health Education Plan - NUR 405


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Health Education Plan Paper

Community Obesity

This health education plan’s creation was based on the information collected from the Windshield Survey of the Jacksonville, Florida area. This plan is directed towards the community as a whole. The plan will include: a description of the educational need; establish a goal and three objectives for the community; select two appropriate educational methods; outlines the steps to implement the plan; and evaluates the educational process including educator and process evaluation.

Educational Need

There is a clear educational need for the prevention of obesity and the reduction of obese people within the community. As identified in the Windshield Survey, Jacksonville has an adult obesity rate of 27.5% and a diabetes rate of 10.4% (City Data, 2010). According to Active Diner (2010) there are 1,910 fast food restaurants in the city.

Obesity, like cancer, is not just one disease but instead many conditions with varying causes. The terms of obesity and overweight are often used interchangeably, but they refer to different health problems. Overweight is an increase in body weight for height compared with a reference standard, or up to 10% greater than ideal body weight (IBW). However, this leads me not reflect excess body fat. It is possible for a well-developed athlete to appear overweight because of increased muscle (lean) mass, in which the proportion of muscle to fat is greater than average (Hall, 2006).

Obesity refers to an excess amount of body fat when compared with lean body mass. The normal amount of body fat in men is between 15% and 20% of body weight. For women, the normal amount is between 18% and 32%. An obese person weighs at least 20% above the upper limit of the normal range for ideal body weight. Morbidity city, also called extreme obesity, refers to a weight that has a severely negative effect on health, usually more than 100% above IBW (Hall, 2006).

According to Hall (2006), more than one third of the U.S. population is obese, and another third are overweight. About 10% or more of adults are morbidly obese. This problem is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States, second only to smoking, and has become a national crisis. Obesity across the life span is considered an epidemic in the United States and Canada. Worldwide, it is recognized as a major global health problem, costing billions of dollars for health care and lost productivity.

Educational Goal and Three Objectives for the Health Education Plan

In accordance with the Healthy People 2020 goals, the target goal is to reduce the proportion of adults and children who are obese in the community by 50% or better by the year 2020 by promoting “health and reduce chronic disease risk through the consumption of healthful diets and achievement and maintenance of healthy body weights” (, 2011). Three objectives have been chosen to help initiate this plan.

The first objective for the Health Education Plan is to teach the patient and the potential consequences and complications of obesity. The major publications of obesity affect primarily the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. However, excess weight can also cause... [continues]

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