Disease Process Table 2 -
NUR 427 Example 2

Example of Disease Process Table 2 for the NUR 427 Course...

For the purpose of this assignment three disease processes will be discussed from the table of thirteen diseases processes given. The definitions, signs and symptoms, conventional and complementary/alternative therapy and community resource will be discussed. The disease processes selected for discussion are Cerebrovascular accident, Parkinson’s disease and sleep apnea disorder.

Cerebrovascular accident (CVA):

CVA is an abnormal condition of the brain characterized by occlusion by an embolus, thrombus, or cerebrovascular hemorrhage or vasospasm, resulting in ischemia of the brain tissues normally perfuse by the damaged vessels. Mosby Medical, Nursing and Allied Health Dictionary (2002). The effect of stroke on a victim depends on the part of the brain that is affected. The early effect of stroke including paralysis, can become permanent. Muscles may become permanently spastic and stiff, and painful muscle spasms may occur. Walking, swallowing, physical saying words clearly, and performing daily activities may remain difficult.

Signs and Symptoms of CVA

The most common early symptoms of stroke are sudden difficulty speaking or understanding (Aphasia), sudden numbness or paralysis of face, arms or legs, sudden dizziness, loss of balance or lack of coordination, sudden severe headache and abdominal sensation or loss of sensation in a leg or on one side of the body.

Alternative treatment

The use of medications that dissolves clots called thrombolytics or fibrinolytics, were known to be effective in preventing and early intervention of stroke. After stoke attack medications like corticosteroids and special types of intravenous (IV) fluids are often used to help reduce swelling, especially after hemorrhagic stroke. The use of life support measures including such treatment as ventilators, Intravenous (IV) fluids, nutrition and blood pressure control are affective ways of preventing complications. A special type of medication that protects the brain from damage from ischemia called neuroprotective agents is also effective method of stroke management.

Community resources for stroke victims:

American Stroke Association, American speech language and hearing Association, National aphasia association, Oley foundation and ASA discussion board. One of the most popular stroke community resources in California is the elder living resource known as Senior Helpers. This community resource helps seniors and others who aren’t ready to leave their home or live with relatives, but need support to remain at home. Stroke support group is a community resource that provides information and assistance to stroke victims. There is also...[continues]

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