Case Study 4 for the NUR 427 Course...
Diabetes is a growing epidemic in adolescents, especially in their second decade of life when their production or resistance to insulin is at its highest. Obesity and lack of exercise are believed to be the biggest causes of diabetes, but children with a family history of diabetes have a greater risk of developing it (Rosenbloom, Silverstein, Amemiya, Zetler, Lingensmith, 2009). In this paper the subject of diabetes will be discussed in relation to Jenna Riley a 14 year-old girl who is overweight and spends much of her time sedentary. Jenna struggles to eat healthy and often eats what her friends do. Jenna lives with her mother and younger brother who she often looks after when her mother is at work. The nurse’s role is to teach and educate Jenna and prevent her from getting diabetes.
Diabetes is one of the fastest growing diseases in the United States. The American Diabetes Association (2011) estimated that, “… 25.8 million children and adults in the United States, which is 8.3% of the population, have diabetes” (Diabetes Statistics, 2011, para. 1). People have the idea that this cannot happen to them. The truth is diabetes can happen to anyone. The top three ethnicities that are affected with diabetes are African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians (American Diabetes Association, 2011). Another important factor contributing to diabetes is obesity and the culturally accepted food. According to the United health group (2010, p. 12), “Obesity, particularly abdominal obesity, is associated with the insulin resistance that is characteristic of type 2 diabetes.” Obesity and food go hand-in-hand and the first step starts with prevention. With the rise of diabetes it is imperative that we educate our patients’ on all of the possible...[continues]
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