NUR 408 - Epidemiology

Examples of targeted research papers for NUR 408. Review these examples in their entirety and get better grades today. Learn about requirements for each paper here.

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Comparison Paper Example 1 - The purpose of this paper is to describe the history of public health, including pertinent dates and significant events and the different aspects of public and community-based health. Public Health is on a national, state, and county scale dealing in research, data analysis, and recommendation for health promotion.

Comparison Paper Example 2 - (NUR 408) In this paper we will examine public health resources provided by county, state and on national level. Also, we will look at a brief history of public health resources and important events that led to its changes.

Comparison Paper Example 3 - (NUR 408) Public health has a varied and fascinating history. From the early colonial days onward people worked together to fight the battles against disease. The weapons in this battled ranged from primitive cures in early history to the advanced technology of today.

Comparison Paper Example 4 - (NUR 408) Throughout the history of man the act of caring for individuals within a communal environment can be traced back to the Stone Age. Over those times however there was no definition for this act of preservation within a community.

Comparison Paper Example 5 - (NUR 408) This comparison paper will include information about community and public health in local county, state, and national health departments. This paper will also include the differences, common goals, and interests to assist communities around the country.

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Example 1 - Community emergency preparedness and response relates to a community or communities that need to be prepared to respond to any disaster that may occur. As in the case of episode five in season two in this week’s assignment.

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Example 2 - Community emergency preparedness means that a community should have a contingency plan which includes warning and evacuation systems to respond to any disaster that occurs. This paper discusses community emergency preparedness and response in a neighborhood from episode five of season two from The Nursing Neighborhood, an interactive program.

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Example 3 - (NUR 408) This paper examines the concepts of community emergency preparedness. Included throughout this paper is a summary of events that took place in the fictional community of Neighborhood.

Community Emergency Preparedness and Response Paper Example 4 - (NUR 408) A forest fire has been raging for five days in the Neighborhood, population 64,200. Firefighters are battling to gain control of the forest fire, health care workers battling to keep patients breathing.

Epidemiology Paper Example 1 - According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics, "[By 1993] death certificates listed diabetes as the fifth leading cause of death for Blacks aged 45 to 64, and the third leading cause of death for those aged 65 and older in 1990” (Bailey, 2007, p. 1).

Epidemiology Paper Example 2 - (NUR 408) Health is a state of optimum well-being, a human right and a social goal. The public health mission is to provide and assure conditions that promote health in the community. Public health, epidemiology and nursing practice share the same goal of disease prevention and control. By definition, epidemiology is the study of population in order to (1) monitor the health of the population, (2) understand the determinants of health and disease in the community and (3) investigate and evaluate intervention to prevent disease and maintain health. (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Nurses rely on epidemiology data and methods to design, implement and evaluate community programs (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). To pace the spread of disease, epidemiologists have developed scientific methods and set parameters for their study. Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a virus. It causes mild to severe illness, and can be deadly. Older people, young children, and those with certain health conditions are at high risk for serious flu complications. This paper describes epidemiology as a science and analyzes the incidence of influenza pandemic among elderly from an epidemiologic point of view.

Epidemiology Paper Example 3 - (NUR 408) Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is recognized as an emerging pathogen in the United States. The epidemiological study of viral hepatitis C in the homeless is relevant because of the huge burden of the disease on the public health care system over time. The CDC reports that “HCV is the most common blood-born infection in the population, with estimated prevalence rates of chronic infection at 1.8% of the general population. It is further estimated that 65% of the patients with chronic infections will develop active liver disease over 20-30 years, with 10-20% developing into cirrhosis and an additional 1-5% developing hepatocellular carcinoma” (Desai, 2002, p.396). Hepatitis C virus is transmitted primarily through percutaneous exposure however transmission can also occur though unapparent percutaneous or mucosal exposures such as in high risk sexual practices.

Epidemiology Paper Example 4 - (NUR 408) Epidemiology today is considered to be the core science of public health and is described as a constellation of disciplines with a common mission: optimal health for the whole community (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Epidemiology has reformed public health and continues to strive for disease prevention and health promotion in communities across the world. The population and disease that will be discussed in relation to epidemiology in this paper with be of HIV in the homeless population. This paper will explore the role of epidemiology in the surveillance in the incidence of HIV morbidity and mortality of the homeless population. This paper will also discuss the definition and purpose of epidemiology, epidemiological methods, the epidemiological triangle, and levels of preventions that is related with HIV in the homeless population.

Epidemiology Paper Example 5 - Epidemiology is defined as “the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008, p. 243). Epidemiology takes an interdisciplinary approach at protecting the health of the entire community and is concerned with the risk of disease, the rate of disease development, and the levels of existing disease in a population (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008).

Epidemiology Paper Example 6 - (NUR 408) Vulnerable populations, such as pregnant women are susceptible to contracting viral illnesses. Rubella, one viral illness, is a relatively mild disease in children and adults but has devastating consequences on the developing fetus. In this paper, the author will define epidemiology and describe the Epidemiological Triangle as it relates to rubella and Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS). Types of epidemiology will also be discussed and various levels of prevention of Rubella and CRS will be examined.

Teaching Project Brochure - Diabetes in African Americans:

What is Diabetes?

What happens in the body…

Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism. Metabolism is the way the body uses food for energy and growth. People eat food and it is normally broken down into glucose, glucose is a form of sugar in the blood and fuels the body’s demands for energy.

Travel Poster - (NUR 408) Planning to travel can be fun if the necessary steps are taken. Many people fail to find out what needs to be done in order to travel to a foreign country.

New Papers Added...

NUR 408

In this paper I will provide information on county, state, and national public health resources. I will also talk about the history of public health related to pertinent dates, significant events that are related to the agencies that I have researched.

Definition of Public Health

According to Charles-Edward A. Winslow in the year 1920 defined “public health as "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing service for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of the social machinery which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health.”

The World Health Organization definition of public health is “A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (1948).

Time Line of Public Health

From the dawn of history to the fall of Rome there was evidence of public health in that their organized approach was some sort of spiritual meetings to rid people of diseases. During the dark ages and medieval times the concept of public health was small villages were formed and water was piped in and there were bath houses, sanitary sewers, ventilation and hospices houses for travelers which offered medical care... [continues]

Public Health & Community Health
A Comparison Paper
University of Phoenix
Epidemiology: Global and Public Health
NUR 408

Resources available through the public health system come from county, state, and national means. The interaction between these agencies is critical to enable all areas to have access to the resources, financial and personnel, and to address the health of populations (Stanhope & Lancaster, (2008).
Resources at the national level are under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The USDHHS regulates the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and the Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ) as well as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These agencies work together on a national level to protect the health of the nation’s people. Healthy People objectives are also formulated through the USDHHS and filtered down to the state and local levels.

Each state also has its own set of resources. State resources set up in accordance with the federal regulations are communicable disease programs, chronic disease prevention programs, injury prevention programs, and water safety programs.

In Nevada the department of health is there to ensure and promote health to the citizens of Nevada. Their goal is to strengthen families, protect public health, and assist individuals in achieving the highest level of self-sufficiency (Nevada Department of Health & Human Services, (2011). Resources such as the Head Start and early childhood programs, Autism programs, and the Aging and Disability services division are some of the programs available. Resources are also available for... [continues]

Comparison Paper
NUR 408

In this paper we will examine public health resources provided by county, state and on national level. Also, we will look at a brief history of public health resources and important events that led to its changes. The difference between public and community health will also be explained.
The National Public Health Performance Standard Program (NPHPSP) sets the framework by which public care is provided on a state and county level by providing information on how to assess the health status of community. Also, this organization teaches how to diagnose health issues of the community, give information to encourage the public to advocate for its self, how to enable partnership within the community, make sure that healthcare is being practiced within legal parameters to protect the community from harm, ensure that local community resources or within the reach and knowledge of the populous of the community. NPHPSP also ensures that measures are taken to guarantee staffing and workforce that is competent and qualified to provide care, thus this represents how public health is... [continues]

Ohio Community and Public Health
NUR 408

As health care progresses, community and public health nursing has continued to evolve from providing basic needs to delivering advanced health care to: individual patients, families, and entire communities. By focusing on a single patient or a community nurses can practice health promotion for an entire population. This integration of such skills are very difficult and not only aid individuals and communities but are also relevant to the entire wellbeing of public health as a whole. Even though public health has been around since the establishment of the United States; most citizens do not realize how long community and public health nurses have been practicing within their neighborhoods. According to Scutchfield and Keck (2009), “recent years have witnessed a quiet, yet dramatic philosophical renaissance in the field of public health that has been largely unnoticed by the public” (p. 15). Nonetheless community and public health care providers will continue to protect and promote good and improved health of many different patient populations.

Community and public nursing are two different specialties, yet they are symbiotic in nature. According to... [continues]

Comparison Paper
Nur 408


This comparison paper will include information about community and public health in local county, state, and national health departments. This paper will also include the differences, common goals, and interests to assist communities around the country.

In order to discuss the aspects of public and community health across the country it is important to first define both terms. Public Health is the art of safeguarding and improving the health of communities through learning, promotion of a healthier way of life, and the study of illness and the prevention of injury. Public health workers examine the influence that genetics has on health, personal selection, and environment to build programs that protect the health of families within communities. Overall, public health is involved in the protection and the well-being of citizens around the country. These populations can be as little as a local region, or as large as a whole nation. Public health workers attempt to inhibit crises from taking place or happening again through applying an educational plan, creating guidelines, overseeing services, adjusting health plans, and... [continues]

Comparison Paper
NUR 408

This essay will describe the history of public health, pertinent dates and events. Examples of public health are The Center for Disease Control (CDC), the National Institutes of Health, and Census (NIH); while examples of community-based health care are the local health department. On a national, state and county level public health employs research, data analysis and recommendation to promote health behaviors in communities. Since September of this year, the local health department, pharmacies and home health agency in Orange County collaborate to give the seasonal flu and H1N1 vaccinations for a price. These community-based healthcare systems are giving the vaccinations based on research by the CDC and NIH (CDC, n.d.).

In 1798, hospitals were established in the United Stated because of an overwhelming need to care for injures and ill marines and seamen. In 1906, the marine hospital system was renamed the Public Health Service Hospital. In 1912 child services was established, this was and child advocacy agency that addresses the interest of children and child labor laws. In 1921... [continues]

Community Emergency
NUR 408

Many events took place in the neighborhood during episode five. At the hospital the Emergency Room was overwhelmed by the increased number of patients due to the large amount of smoke coming from the forest fire. This is creating stress for the unit, as the staff is trying to discharge or move patients to make room for more sick patients. At the senior center, Nurse Karen Williams is also seeing the effects of the smoke on her patients. Many of the patients have to use oxygen more often. Karen is advising her patients to stay in doors to avoid irritating their lungs in the smoky conditions. The school nurse Violet has had a visit from a second grader, Kelsey Young. Kelsey is complaining of having a hard time breathing, and she has been coughing a lot. Violet notices Kelsey has increased respiratory rate, coughing and wheezing. Violet calls Kelsey’s mother to bring her an inhaler, and encourages the mother to take Kelsey to the doctor. When Violet asks the mother to bring an inhaler to the school for future use in case like this the mother seems reluctant. In the Bley household, the smoke from the forest fire is forbidding Jimmy to go outdoors. Jimmy needs to... [continues]


Neighborhood News:
Community or Public Health Issues
NUR 408

Neighborhood News: Community or Public Health Issues

Community can be defined as a field within public health that focuses its concerns about a particular geographic area rather than on related characteristics. Interventions are aimed to improve the health of the community. The success of the interventions are based on the communication between community leaders and many or on one-to-one basis (“”, 2012).

Public health is the practice of protecting and improving the physical, mental, and well-being of a community. This practice is done by preventative medicine, education of health issues and assessment and management of communicable diseases. Public health departments are... [continues]

Comparison Paper
Nur 408

In this paper we will be examining the public health resources of county, state, and nation. This paper will also look at the history of public health. Differences that are between public health and community health that pertain to the agencies that is mentioned and how it affects the public and its health will be explained.

Public health provides many resources for the individuals and people throughout the world. Public health prevent epidemics and spread of disease, attempts to protect against environmental hazards, encourages healthy behaviors, will respond to disasters and assist in recovery, facilitates quality and accessible health care (Stanhope & Lancaster, p. 6, 2012). Public health protects and improves communities by educating, promoting healthy life styles, there are programs that provide public health and activities, one of these programs are NACCHO which is the National Association of County and City Health Officials. This is a program that represents local health departments that protects and improves the health of people and communities, develop equity. (NACCHO, 2012). The local resource for public health is the... [continues]

Epidemiology: Childhood Poverty in the United States
NUR 408

The Epidemiology of Childhood Poverty in the United States

It is estimated that 15 million children live in poverty in the United States (National Center for Children in Poverty, 2010, para. 1). In public health nursing epidemiology is essential in implementing effective programs to provide better outcomes for children living in poverty. Childhood poverty in the United States is being studied by epidemiologists and the resulting data shows a complex pattern of physical and mental health problems directly related to poverty. The ill effects on children who live in poverty may be preventable and treatable through program development using the data currently being studied via epidemiology. Evidenced-based nursing programs in public health that use this data can help contribute to the prevention of physical, emotional, and behavioral problems of millions of children that live below the poverty level in this country.

Epidemiology and Childhood Obesity in the United States

Epidemiology is the science of studying the factors involved in establishing and influencing the occurrence and distribution of disease and other health-related issues and their causes in specifically defined... [continues]

Comparison Paper
NUR 408

Public health goes back a long way. Charles-Edward A. Winslow, an American public health leader, defined public health as “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts for the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infections, the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing service for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease, and the development of the social machinery which will ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health” (Winkelstein Jr., 2002). Today, the definition remains the same, although some may add the mental and physical aspects of health as well. This definition provided has lasted throughout the years and in 1948 the World Health Organization used it to provide the definition of health: "A state of complete physical, mental, and... [continues]

Vulnerable Populations and Epidemiology
NUR 408 Epidemiology: Global and Public Health

“Vulnerable populations are defined as those at greater risk for poor health status and health care access” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008, pg. 711). These groups of people often have less of an opportunity in receiving health care including primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention, resulting in complex disease processes and poorer health care results. Vulnerable populations may include those of a certain age, gender, ethnicity, race, religion, economic status, or well-being. In the field of nursing, the most vulnerable populations consist of the poor or homeless, pregnant minors, migrant workers and immigrants, the mentally ill, alcohol and drug abusers, victims of violence, those with a communicable disease, or those diagnosed with HIV, hepatitis, or a sexually transmitted disease (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008, pg. 712). Often, a vulnerable individual suffers from more than one of the categories listed.

One of the major goals of Healthy People 2020 is to develop strategies to reduce the societal determinants of health in the U.S. Researchers have discovered those societal factors such as the community where you live and work, physical activity, education, and financial status outweigh the cause of race and ethnicity when it comes to vulnerability and health care (Secretary’s Advisory Committee on National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives for 2020, 2010). Examples of the societal... [continues]

Public Health Comparison Paper
University Of Phoenix NUR 408


This paper will provide information on county, state, and national public health resources and will describe the history of public health with related dates of pertinence. The differences between public and community health will also be discussed including influential individuals and significant historical events that have shaped the agencies and policies by which public health is directed. For purposes of comparison the public health departments relating specifically to disease prevention and control will be highlighted on a county, state and national level.


The main objectives of public health resources “are the political and practical application of lessons learned from past successes and failures in disease control and the promotion of preventive measures to combat existing, evolving and re-emerging health threats and risks. Public health professionals address present and... [continues]

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